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Species 

Blue Marlin - Makaire Mazara

Blue Marlin

 

               Maximum weight: 2,600lbs

               I.G.F.A record: 1,400lbs on 130lb

               Temperature range: 20°C to 27°C

 

 

Identifying Features: Back is a dark blue with light blue stripes. These stripes consist of small dots and bars. Belly is a silver white. Lateral line generally does not show in adults.

 

Typical Location: Blue Marlin are considered to be amongst the apex predators, living at the top of the open ocean food chain. They travel the length and breadth of the oceans of the world. They are the world's least studied pelagic fishes. They forage near the surface in warm mixed layers of temperate and tropical seas. They feed on an assortment of epipelagic organisms. Acoustic telemetry indicates Blue Marlin prefer the surface lens of the water column and remain above the thermo cline most of the time. Blue Marlin are often caught along the continental shelf drop off, Ocean Mountains and canyons, current and weed lines. Gatherings of bait schools such as tuna, dorada and squid are likely Blue Marlin haunts.

 

 

White Marlin - Tetrapturus Albidus

White Marlin

 

               Maximum weight: 200lbs

               I.G.F.A record: 181lbs on 14 oz

               Temperature range: 18°C to 25°C

 

 

Identifying Features: The colour of body dark blue to chocolate brown, shading to silvery white underbelly; noticeable spots on dorsal fin; upper jaw elongated in shape of spear; body covered with embedded scales with a single sharp point; tips of first dorsal, pectoral, and first anal fins rounded; lateral line curved above pectoral fin, then going in straight line to base of tail.

 

Typical Location: Usually above the thermocline. Its distribution varies seasonally, reaching higher latitudes in both the northern and southern hemispheres only during the respective warm seasons. Usually found in deep (over 100 m) blue water with surface temperatures over 22ºC.Currents of 0.5 to 2 knots occur over much of its habitat. Feeds on fishes and squids.

 

 

Wahoo - Acanthocybium Solandri

Wahoo

 

               Maximum weight: 200lbs

               I.G.F.A record: 158lbs 

               Temperature range: 19°C to 27°C

 

 

Identifying features: Dorsal spines (total): 23-27; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-16; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft-rays: 12-14; Vertebrae: 62-64. Mouth large with strong, triangular, compressed and finely serrate teeth. Snout about as long as the rest of head. Posterior part of maxilla completely concealed under preorbital bone. Gill rakers absent. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Swim bladder present. Body covered with small scales. No anterior corselet developed. The back is iridescent bluish green; the sides silvery with 24 to 30 cobalt blue vertical bars which extend to below the lateral line. The back is electric blue while belly is silver white. The flanks are covered in wavy lines. Unlike other game fish, the upper jaw moves and has 45-64 teeth. Lower jaw has 32-50 teeth.

 

Typical Location:  An oceanic, epipelagic species frequently solitary or forming small loose aggregations rather than compact schools. Feeds on fishes and squids. Generally found along current lines and temperature changes in the open ocean. Floating debris and bait schools are also likely to be hot spots for the species.

 

 

Dolphin Fish - Dorado - Coryphaena Hippurus

Dolphin Fish

 

               Maximum weight: 100lbs

               I.G.F.A record: 88lbs 

               Temperature range: 18°C to 27°C

 

 

Identifying features: One of the most stunningly beautiful fish in the ocean. The long dorsal fin is generally black/bright blue with lavender/cobalt blue/green spots. Upper body is the brightest green with streaks of cobalt blue and lavender. Sides can be green or bright yellow. Lower body can be silver white or yellow. The colour variations are endless. Every Dolphin Fish you catch you will find some colour variation in some way. These colours fade in death. The male of the species has a large blunt head, while the females head is rounder.

 

Typical Location: Highly migratory species. An offshore species that rarely comes close to shore. Found in open waters but also near the coast, Dorado form schools. They feed on almost all forms of fish and zooplankton. Dorado also takes crustaceans and squid. Is typically found on the continental shelf and well beyond. This species has a great affection for current lines that contain seaweed, flotsam and logs. Any garbage found floating may hold a school of varying size fish under it and is always worth a few passes using light tackle.

 

 

Atlantic Bonito - Sarda Sarda

Atlantic Bonito

 

               Maximum weight: 25lbs

               I.G.F.A record: 18lbs on 4oz

               Temperature range: 12°C to 27°C

 

 

Identifying features: The mouth is moderately large. Body completely covered with very small scales posterior to the corselet. Swim bladder absent. Spleen large. Liver with elongate left and right lobe and short middle lobe. Oblique dorsal stripes with a greater angle than in other species of Sarda.

 

Typical Location: Depth range 0 - 200 m. Able to adapt to different temperatures 12º to 27ºC. Epipelagic, neritic and schooling species that may enter estuaries. Known to be cannibalistic, adults prey on small schooling fishes, invertebrates like squid and shrimps and can swallow relatively large prey.

 

 

Albacore Tuna - Thunnus Alalunga

Albacore Tuna

 

               Maximum weight: 130lbs

               I.G.F.A record: 118lbs

               Temperature range: 10°C to 25°C

 

 

Identifying features: The body of the albacore tapers at both ends (cigar-shaped). The head is long and the mouth fairly large. The colour is dark gray to metallic blue on the back becoming white to gray below. Albacore are easily distinguished from the other tunas, with exception of the bigeye, by the extreme length of their pectoral fins (they extend well past the anal fin). Albacore and bigeye can best be distinguished by the characteristics of their livers. The albacore has a heavily striated (covered with blood vessels) liver while the liver of the bigeye is only lightly striated along the edges.

 

Typical Location: They are rarely taken near shore. Albacore have a preference for deep blue oceanic water and mild temperatures. Studies indicate that 57 of every 100 albacore caught are hooked in water ranging in temperature between 15ºC and 17ºC. Albacore travel in loosely knit schools which are located by trolling or observing surface signs (feeding birds, etc.).

 

 

Yellowfin Tuna - Thunnus Albacures

Yellowfin tuna

 

               Maximum weight: 420lbs

               I.G.F.A record: 387lbs on 80lbs

               Temperature range: 17°C to 28°C

 

 

Identifying features: Upper body is black and lower body is silver white. In the mid-section the yellowfin has a distinctive yellow stripe which begins at the gill case and continues to the caudal fin. Above this line the colour is a purple-blue when the yellowfin is alive but fades in death. The second dorsal and anal fins are the longest of any tuna. These fins increase in length with age. Yellowfin have between 26-35 gill rakers on the first gill arch.

 

Typical Location: Open ocean along the continental shelf and current lines, Ocean Mountains and canyons. Around schools of bait such as ballyhoo, pilchards and squid. They are found between 45ºN and 40ºS. They cover enormous distances around the globe, and all stocks mingle. It is a big fish, which can swim at very high speed, which may be one of the reasons why in some areas, dolphins and large full-grown yellowfin swim together. Will come close to shore if warm currents and bait are present.

 

 

Atlantic Bluefin Tuna - Thunnus Thynnus

Atlantic Bluefin Tuna

 

               Maximum weight: 1300lbs

               I.G.F.A record:

               Temperature range: 13°C to 27°C

 

 

Identifying features: Atlantic Bluefins are dark blue to black near the dorsal surface and silvery near the ventral surface. The Bluefin is known for the finlets that run down the dorsal and ventral sides toward the anal fin. There are 12-14 spines in the first dorsal fin and 13-15 rays in the second dorsal fin. The anal fin has 11-15 rays.

 

Typical Location: The Atlantic Bluefin tuna is the largest member of the Scombridae Family (albacores, bonitos, mackerels, tunas). It is one of the largest bony fishes and can reach lengths of up to 3 m, although they are more commonly found from .5-2 m in length. Adult weights range from 136-680 kg, although the upper weight range is rare. They can dive as deep as 914 m, and are known to swim long distances as they are a highly migratory species.

 

 

Bigeye Tuna - Thunnus Obesus

Bigeye Tuna

 

               Maximum weight: 500lbs

               I.G.F.A record: 435lbs 

               Temperature range: 13°C to 28°C

 

 

Identifying features: The body of the bigeye tuna is cigar-shaped (tapered at both ends). The head is pointed and the eye is relatively large. The colour is dark metallic brownish blue to dark yellow on the back becoming gray or whitish below. There often is a bluish stripe on the side. In most individuals, the length of the pectoral fins should enable one to identify the species properly. Both bigeye and yellowfin tuna look similar, but bigeye tuna have pectoral fins which extend well past their anal fin, while yellowfin tuna have much shorter pectoral fins. Tuna which cannot be distinguished by external characteristics can be positively identified by liver characteristics. Bigeye tuna livers are striated (covered with blood vessels) along the trailing edges, while yellowfin tuna livers are smooth. Small bigeye tuna also may be distinguished from albacore by the characteristics of the liver. The liver is heavily striated in the albacore while the bigeye tuna liver is only striated along the trailing edges

 

Typical Location: Occur in areas where temperatures range from 13°C - 29°C, but the optimum is between 17° and 22°C. Variation in occurrence is closely related to seasonal and climatic changes in surface temperature and thermocline. Juveniles and small adults school at the surface in mono-species groups or mixed with other tunas, maybe associated with floating objects. Adults stay in deeper waters. Feed on a wide variety of fishes, cephalopods and crustaceans during the day and night.  

 

 

Skipjack Tuna - Katsuwonus Pelamis

Skipjack Tuna

 

               Maximum weight: 80lbs

               I.G.F.A record:

               Temperature range: 13°C to 28°C

 

 

Identifying features: Upper body black with cobalt blue/purple and/or lavender stripes and spots. Short pectrol fin. Lower body silver white with 4 to 6 black stripes along belly.

 

Typical Location: Open ocean along the continental shelf and current lines, Ocean Mountains and canyons. It prefers to swim in the upper mixed layers of the ocean water, and mostly found between 45ºN and 40ºS. Around schools of bait such as ballyhoo, pilchards and squid. Will come close to shore if warm currents and bait are present.

 

 

Sailfish - Istiophorus Platypterus

Sailfish

 

               Maximum weight: 200lbs

               I.G.F.A record: 141lbs

               Temperature range: 21°C to 28°C

 

 

Identifying features: The colour dark blue on top, brown-blue laterally, silvery white underbelly; upper jaw elongated in form of spear; first dorsal greatly enlarged in the form of a sail, with many black spots, its front squared off, highest at its midpoint; pelvic fins very narrow, reaching almost to the anus; body covered with embedded scales, blunt at end; lateral line curved above pectoral, then straight to base of tail.

 

Typical Location: The Atlantic sailfishís habitat varies according to water temperature and in some cases wind conditions. At the northern and southern extremes of their distribution, Atlantic sailfish appear only during the warmer months. These seasonal changes in distribution may be linked to prey migrations. Usually found in the warmer, upper layers above the thermocline, the species often migrates into near-shore waters, preferring temperatures between 21º to 28ºC, but is also capable of descending to rather deep water. In general, the Atlantic sailfish is highly migratory and can be found from approximately 40∞N to 40∞S in the western Atlantic Ocean and from 50ºN to 32ºS in the eastern Atlantic Ocean.

 

 

Swordfish - Xiphias Gladius

Swordfish

 

               Maximum weight: 1300lbs

               I.G.F.A record: 1182lbs

               Temperature range: 18°C to 25°C

 

 

Identifying features: Colour of back variable, black, greyish blue, brown, metallic purple, or bronze; sides dusky; underbelly dirty white; long, flat, sword-like upper jaw; lacks scales, teeth, and pelvic fins; single keel on each side of body in front of tail; first dorsal fin high, rigid and short; large eyes.

 

Typical Location: Oceanic but sometimes found in coastal waters . Generally above the thermocline, prefering temperatures of 18ºC to 22ºC . Larvae are frequently encountered at temperatures above 24ºC. Migrate toward temperate or cold waters in the summer and back to warm waters in the fall. Adults are opportunistic feeders, known to forage for their food from the surface to the bottom over a wide depth range. Use their sword to kill their prey. Feed mainly on fishes but also on crustaceans and squids.

 

 

Longbill Spearfish - Tetrapturus Pfluegeri

Longbill Spearfish

 

               Maximum weight: 130lbs

               I.G.F.A record: 118lbs

               Temperature range: 18°C to 27°C

 

 

Identifying features: Blue-black above, silvery white splattered with brown on the sides, silvery white below; dorsal fins dark blue; pectorals blackish brown, occasionally with tinges of greyish white; pelvic fins blue-black with a black fin membrane; 1st anal fin dark blue with silvery white at base; 2nd anal fin blackish brown.

 

Typical Location: Oceanic species, chiefly found in offshore waters, usually above the thermocline. Atlantic Ocean: widely distributed in offshore waters, more densely so in the western than in the eastern Atlantic. Highly migratory species. They are pelagic and feed at or near the surface, mainly on fishes and squid.

 

 

Kingmackerel - Scomberomoros Cavalla

Kingmackerel

 

               Maximum weight: 110lbs

               I.G.F.A record: 93lbs

               Temperature range: 16°C to 25°C



Identifying features: Colour of back iridescent bluish green; sides silvery, streamlined body with tapered head; no black pigment on front of dorsal fin; lateral line starts high and drops sharply below the second dorsal fin; young fish often have yellow spots like those of the Spanish mackerel.


Typical Location: Near shore and offshore, occasionally in shallow water.



Atlantic Mackerel - Scomber Scombrus

Bike Hire gallery image

 

               Maximum weight: 18lbs

               I.G.F.A record: 15lbs

               Temperature range: 15°C to 28°C



Identifying features: The body of the Atlantic mackerel tapers at both ends, is rather elongate, and somewhat compressed. The head is pointed and the mouth is large. The head is blueish, the back is dark blue with about 30 dark wavy lines, and the undersides are silver blueish. The widely separated first and second dorsal fins serve to distinguish Atlantic mackerel from all of the other tuna-like fishes that inhabit our waters. 


Typical Location: Occur in areas where water temperatures range from 15º-28ºC, but the optimum is between 18º and 23ºC. You find them in deeper and shallow waters close to the surface. Always in schools.



Round Stingray - Taeniura Grabata

Round Stingray

 

               Maximum weight: 270lbs

               I.G.F.A record:

               Temperature range: 15°C to 25°C



Identifying features: Disc sub-quadrangular with strongly sinuous former edges, blunt snout. Large size and spacing of mid-dorsal bucklers, conspicuous tubercles on the outer parts of disc. Tail with numerous rows of small spines. Olive brown above, white or nearly below. Lower surface white and without dark edgings.


Typical Location: A neritic, coastal species. Generally found on sand and rock-sand bottoms. Partially covered with sand or mud. Feeds on bottom-living fishes and crustaceans. Lives in depths from 5-200 metres.



Common Stingray - Dasyatis Pastinaca

Common Stingray

 

               Maximum weight: 100lbs

               I.G.F.A record:

               Temperature range: 17°C to 27°C



Identifying features: Round body with a slightly sharper nose then other rays. Relatively short tail with a sting. Olive to sandy colour.


Typical Location: Found over sandy and muddy bottoms, sometimes in estuaries and near rocky reefs. Feeds on bottom-living invertebrates and fishes. Lives from 1m up to 200m.



Eagleray - Myliobatis Aquila

Eagleray

 

                Maximum weight: 150lbs

                I.G.F.A record:

                Temperature range: 17°C to 27°C



Identifying features: A plain eagleray with a short, rounded snout; disc with broadly angular corners, and upper or lower jaw usually with 7 rows of plate-like teeth. Brown or blackish dorsally, white ventrally. No caudal fin.


Typical Location: Found in shallow lagoons, bays and estuaries; also offshore down to at least 95 m. Often found in groups. Feeds on benthic crustaceans, molluscs and fish.



The Scalloped Hammerhead Shark - Sphyrna Tiburo

Hammerhead Shark

 

               Maximum weight: 500lbs

               I.G.F.A record:

               Temperature range: 10°C to 27°C



Identifying features: The Scalloped Hammerhead, Sphyrna Lewini, is a large hammerhead shark with a moderately high first dorsal fin and low second dorsal and pelvic fins. It can be distinguished by the broadly arched front margin of head that has a prominent median notch. Side wings of head narrow, rear margins swept backward. The Scalloped Hammerhead is uniformly gray, gray-brown, or olive on the dorsal surface, fading to white on the ventral surface and its pectoral fins are tipped with gray or black ventrally.


Typical Location: A coastal-pelagic, semi-oceanic shark occurring over continental and insular shelves and adjacent deep water, often approaching close inshore and entering enclosed bays and estuaries. Found in inshore and offshore waters to about 275 m depth.



Angelshark - Squatina Squatina

Angelshark

 

               Maximum weight: 100lbs

               I.G.F.A record:

               Temperature range: 15°C to 25°C



Identifying features: Angel shark reaches about 1.80 m in length, lives for about 35 years and can weigh up to 50 kg. It has a sandy colour and is fairly flat.


Typical Location: Found on the continental shelves from close inshore to at least 150 m depth. It lies, with only its eyes protruding, buried in sand or mud. Nocturnal and may be found swimming up off the bottom. Feeds mainly on bony fishes, but also skates, crustaceans and molluscs.



Mako Shark - Isurus Oxyrinchus

Makoshark

 

               Maximum weight: 1100lbs

               I.G.F.A record:

               Temperature range: 10°C to 27°C



Identifying features: The mako sharks are an easily recognizable shark exhibiting all the traits of a Lamnid, they are an extremely robust and streamlined pelagic shark with well developed eyes (larger in the Longfin) and an endothermic circulatory system (warm bloodedness) that is known to maintain elevated muscle temperatures of up to .6ºC above the ambient water temperature. Makos are heavily built with the trademark strong caudal keels that are a common feature among Lamnids such as Great Whites, Porbeagles and Salmon sharks.


Typical Location: The mako shark is one of the larger sharks to inhabit Canary waters. By all accounts, it is as dangerous as any shark, and it probably swims faster than most. The best way to hook a shortfin mako shark is by trolling with a whole tuna, squid or mackerel. You can also use lures, and chumming does help. Watch out, when you catch one, because this is a dangerous fish that will not hesitate to attack you or your boat.



Smoothhound Shark - Mustelus Henlei

Smoothand shark

 

               Maximum weight: 100lbs

               I.G.F.A record:

               Temperature range: 18°C to 27°C



Identifying features: The body of the brown smoothhound is elongate, slender, tapering from behind the dorsal fin to the long slender tail. The snout is comparatively long and flattened. The colour is brown or bronze above and silvery below. The back one-fifth of the dorsal fin is without scales. The teeth are blunt, without sharp points. The brown and other smoothhounds can be distinguished from the soupfin shark since their second dorsal fins originate well in advance of the beginning of the anal fin; while in the soupfin, the second dorsal begins behind the origin of the anal fin.


Typical Location: The brown smoothhound is a relatively small shark. This is a good sport species on light tackle, and can be taken in depths around 150-200 metre. Good baits to use include crabs, shrimp and small fishes.



Thresher Shark - Alopias Vulpinus

Threshershark

 

               Maximum weight: 1100lbs

               I.G.F.A record:

               Temperature range: 17°C to 27°C



Identifying features: The body of the common thresher shark is moderately elongate. The snout is rather short, and the mouth crescent shaped. The first dorsal fin is large and located midway between the pectoral and ventral fins. The second dorsal and anal fins are very small. The tail is distinctive since it is very long, almost as long as the rest of the body. The coloration may vary from brownish gray, bluish or blackish above to silvery, bluish or golden below. The dorsal, pectoral and ventral fins are blackish and sometimes the pectoral and ventral fins have a white dot in the lip.


Typical Location: The common thresher shark occurs worldwide in warmer seas. The common thresher is an inhabitant of the upper layers of deep offshore waters and is most abundant in areas of steep bottom contour along the edges of the continental shelf. During the spring and summer months smaller threshers may occur near shore where they are often seen leaping completely out of the water.



Amberjack - Seriola

Amberjack

 

               Maximum weight: 50lbs

               I.G.F.A record:

               Temperature range: 17°C to 28°C



Identifying features: Olive green or brownish black and silver sides; dark band (variably present) extends upward from eye; juveniles have split or wavy bars on sides; proportionately larger eye and deeper body than greater amberjack.


Typical Location: Near shore and offshore, apparently living deeper than other Seriola (commonly 20 - 130 metres deep).



Barracuda - Sphyraena Barracuda

Barracuda

 

               Maximum weight: 50lbs

               I.G.F.A record: -

               Temperature range: 13°C to 30°C



Identifying features: Upper body blue-gray with dark bars. Lower body silver with scattered dark blotches. Wide 'V' shaped tail. Pointed head. Flat and big razor-sharp teeth, the longest teeth under the nose.


Typical Location: Around and in openings between reefs. Over isolated peaks. Juveniles on shallow flats.